China Focus


 

Food is a national obsession and an essential part of Chinese culture and social life.  Major life events revolve around food and while the average Chinese is price conscious and conservative, little expense is spared for food related gifts, entertainment and events.

 

 

 

 


The average Chinese spends more than 40% of disposable income on food and beverages.  It is forecast that the Chinese food and beverage market in 2005 will be valued at approximately A$350 billion and will increase at a rate of more than 10% per year for the next decade.  The affluence of the Chinese consumer is increasing rapidly as millions of Chinese join


Growth areas for business and employment

  • Import and export of raw food commodities, quality food ingredients and new flavours for processing and manufacturing

  • Import of processing, packaging and food testing equipment

  • Import of western and organic foods, nutritional supplements

  • Import of dairy products, live and frozen seafood, game meats, wild animal and plant foods, wine and juices, nuts, healthy snacks, and fresh or dried fruit and vegetables

  • Provision of food processing and manufacturing design and technology

  • New food product recipes and formulations

  • Food processing, manufacture and catering training for large and medium operations and for township/village level

  • Development of cold chains, distribution systems and logistics

  • Establishment of retail chains and franchised food service

 the middle class each year.  Even the poor will spend the equivalent of months or years of salary to try food that is considered new, unique, exotic or have significant health benefits.  

The food consumption trend is for more meat, aquatic products, dairy products, convenience read-to-eat/cook meals and fresh and health foods.  The Chinese consumers are becoming more health conscious and foods that have health properties for the young and old to help resist disease development, improve mental and physical strength, sex drive, endurance, intelligence, memory and physical appearance or reduce weight, will have a ready market.

Western style food is becoming very popular in China – particularly fast foods and beverages such as McDonald’s burgers, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Starbucks coffee and  PizzaHut.  Many of the international food brands such as Coca Cola, Budweiser, Nestles, Heinz, Kraft and Peters are becoming household names.  A majority of the Chinese have come to accept imported foods as being superior in quality and are more willing to pay a higher price for them.

National food distribution in China is still a major problem due to poor transportation, lack of a cold chain, fragmented marketing networks, logistics, under developed agricultural production and postharvest management systems, and regionalism.  Totally foreign-owned manufacturing and distribution is now possible and the market for foreign food products is likely to expand rapidly over the next few years due to surging consumer demand for greater quality and variety; improving distribution infrastructure, food standards and regulatory environment, market access liberalization, conformity to WTO agreements, and falling duties and taxes.

Food retailing is undergoing significant changes from wet markets and corner shops to that of hypermarkets, supermarkets, departmental stores and convenience stores.  Foreign retail chain giants such as Wal-Mart, Carrefour and Metro are now well established in China.  Food consumption through hotels, restaurants and institutional food outlets is booming.  This rapid growth is driven by the emergence of  large middle class 2-income families and the Chinese tradition of hospitality and dinning out.

Branding, presentation, packaging design and size, quality, varieties, shelf life, safety and reliability are now important ingredients for marketing success.  The Chinese consumers are becoming more style conscious and sensitive to evolving trends and fads and will spend money to experiment new foods.

There are tremendous opportunities in the area of processed food as only a small proportion of the food production in China is processed.  China currently processes about 25% of its food production compared to 90% in developed countries such as Australia and US.

The Chinese food market is immense but complicated as food preferences and usages are constantly evolving and can vary significantly from region to region, culture to culture, between urban and rural populations, age groups, and affordability.
 

 
 

 

 

 
 

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